Peter and the Papacy

“There is ample evidence in the New Testament that Peter was first in authority among the apostles. Whenever they were named, Peter headed the list (Matt.10:1–4; Mark 3:16–19; Luke 6:14–16; Acts 1:13); sometimes the apostles were referred to as “Peter and those who were with him” (Luke 9:32). Peter was the one who generally spoke for the apostles (Matt. 18:21; Mark 8:29; Luke 12:41; John 6:68–69), and he figured in many of the most dramatic scenes (Matt. 14:28–32; 17:24–27; Mark 10:23–28). On Pentecost it was Peter who first preached to the crowds (Acts 2:14–40), and he worked the first healing in the Church age (Acts 3:7). It is Peter’s faith that will strengthen his brethren (Luke 22:31-32) and Peter is given Christ’s flock to shepherd (John 21:15-17). An angel was sent to announce the resurrection to Peter (Mark 16:5–7), and the risen Christ first appeared to Peter (Luke 24:34). He headed the meeting that elected Matthias to replace Judas (Acts 1:13–26), and he received the first converts (Acts 2:37–41). He inflicted the first punishment (Acts 5:1–11), and excommunicated the first heretic (Acts 8:18–24). He led the first council in Jerusalem (Acts 15), and announced the first dogmatic decision (Acts 15:7–11). It was to Peter that the revelation came that Gentiles were to be baptized and accepted as Christians (Acts 10:46–48).”

– Essential Catholic Survival Guide by Catholic Answers