The Coronation of Mary as Queen-Mother

The Coronation of Mary as Queen-Mother of CHRIST THE KING


By Fr. Abe Arganiosa

This is an article posted in the Parish Bulletin for the month of August 2015.

The Queenship of Mary seems strange because we grew up in a republic rooted in democracy instead of monarchy.  The memorial feast is rooted in Judaeo-Christian theology of the Kingdom of God. The Messiah was prophesied as a Child-King (Is 9:6-7/ Mic 5:2). The Angel announced His birth as successor to the throne of David (Lk 1:32-33) whose reign is everlasting and the Apostolic witnesses proclaimed Him as King of Kings and Lord of Lords (1 Tim 6:15/ Rev 19:16). The Kingship of the Lord reminds us that God is our Supreme Being, the ultimate authority over all. However, it is not characterized merely by might and ownership; it is manifested in sacrificial love and humility because the Lord chose to serve rather than be served (Mt 20:28); He emptied Himself by dying on the Cross for us (Phil 2:5-11).  

Jesus is King because He is God (Jn 1:1/ 20:28). This truth is the core message of His Transfiguration on Mt. Tabor [Mt 17) the feast we commemorated last August 6.  As followers of Christ we are called to be members of this Kingdom and to accept Jesus as the King of our hearts. Mary is the very first person to believe this tenet of Faith and she was His most humble servant as declared in her Fiat: “Behold the handmaid of the Lord: be it done to me according to thy word” [Lk 1:38]. For that she is also the first recipient of His Covenant promises: Eternal life and Everlasting glory.

By historical-cultural signification the Blessed Virgin is the Queen of the Church by virtue of the Kingship of Christ founded on the Davidic Dynasty. How did Mary become the Queen when in fact the Lord Jesus was neither married to her nor to any woman? There are three kinds of Queens: [1] The Queen-Regent, like Queen Elizabeth of England sitting on the Throne as the highest Sovereign, [2] The Queen-Consort, like Queen Sophia or Queen Letizia of Spain who were married to the reigning King, and [3] The Queen-Mother, the one who gave birth to the chief Royal like Queen-Helena the Mother of Emperor Constantine. Mary is Queen because she is the Mother of Jesus (Mt 1:18/ Lk 1:35). Indeed, history attests that the Queen of Israel [Gebirah] was not the wife of the King but his Mother. This office started with King Solomon when he bowed before his mother and commanded that she sits at his right hand: “Then Bethsabee came to king Solomon, to speak to him for Adonias: and the king arose to meet her, and bowed to her, and sat down upon his throne: and a throne was set for the king’s mother, and she sat on his right hand.” [1 Kgs 2:19 DRB]. Thus, the ancient Psalmist perpetually sings: ‘The Queen stands at your right hand arrayed in gold’ (cf. Ps 45:9; Responsorial Psalm for Assumption). Jesus did the same for Mary. By His Incarnation the Lord Jesus is bound to honor her by the Divine Command ‘Honor your father and your Mother’ (Ex 20:12/ Lk 18:20). He did in a way only God can: He made her full of grace [Lk 1:28], blessed among all women [Lk 1:42], called the Mother of the Lord [Lk 1:43],  to be called blessed by all generations [Lk 1:48], her Faith was acknowledged as cause of Blessedness [Lk 1:45], declared as Mother of All Believers [Jn 19:26-27] and finally she was raised into heaven through Assumption, the foretaste of  heavenly glory: “And a great sign appeared in heaven: A woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars” (Rev 12:1). The Woman who gave birth to the King of all nations (Rev 12:5) was raised up on high, crowned as Queen.

May the Feast of Mary’s Queenship deepen our understanding of the Person of Jesus as God-King and guide us to follow her examples of faith, humility and service. In doing so, we shall also share the glory of Christ [cf. 2 Tim 2:12].